Law modification stirs anxiousness

Regional tour operators are concerned about the possible impact of a legal change that would set a minimum rate for tour services.

The Tourism and Sports Ministry will propose the modification to the Tourism Business and Guide Registration Act for legal treatments in the coming month. More information can be availed on

The primary change is to Article 31, which would bar tour operators in Thailand from supplying services to foreign tourists without charge and set a minimum cost.

The objective of the modification is to solve the “zero-dollar trip” issue, particularly with Chinese travelers.

Charoen Wangananont, president of the Association of Thai Travel Agents (ATTA), stated setting a minimum price for package tours is tough because they vary to suit different traveler demands.

Around 100 ATTA members fulfilled to go over the possible effect from the change of the Tourism Business and Guide Registration Act if it ends up being reliable in the coming months.

Mr. Charoen said Thailand would be the very first nation on the planet to set a minimum tour package rate.

“Pricing is a sensitive problem and ATTA expects the rates control will impact our business partners, especially from China,” he said.

If the goal of the amendment is to fix the zero-dollar trip and kickback problems, the problem about rates control is just small, he stated.

The zero-dollar trip issue is more made complex as it includes illegal tour guides and trip candidates.

“We don’t think the legal amendment is practical. It’s difficult to implement,” Mr. Charoen stated.

However, the Tourism Department highly believes the modification will be useful and should solve issues associated with zero-dollar tours because the existing law just restricts tour business from supplying …

According to Tourism Department director-general Wannasiri Morakul, tour operators said charges vary according to markets and aspects consisting of details of journeys and services.

After the law modification is published in the Royal Gazette, natural laws will be drafted with revisions every 2 years to catch up with changes in the tourism industry.

They will specify very little trip charges categorized by 5 regions and monetary conditions. The new act will govern both inbound and outbound trip services and set clear fee standards.

ATTA vice-president Surawat Akaraworamat stated the change will work for the tourism market but some operators might not be satisfied because they are concerned their business will be impacted, particularly …

“The increase of Chinese travelers, even though low-grade package tours, has generated a great deal of income,” he stated. “But we must think about their effect on our natural deposits. Is it beneficial for more…?

Romanian Data Defense Laws

The relevant Romanian data protection laws are:

Law no. 677 of 2001 on the Protection of Individuals with Regard to the Processing of Personal Data and the Free Movement of Such Data, as further modified (” Law no. 677″).

Law no. 506 of 2004 on the Processing of Personal Data and the Protection of Privacy in the Electronic Communications Sector.


Applicability of the Law no. 677.

The provisions of the Law no. 677 apply when the data controller (i) is domiciled in Romania, or (ii) uses equipment or means to process personal data located in Romania, (unless the equipment or means are utilized only for purposes of transit data through Romania). If the information controller utilizes ways and equipment in Romania, however is not domiciled in Romania, the information controller should designate a representative in Romania.

Information Controllers.

The processing of personal data is defined by Law no. 677 as any operation or set of operations that involving personal data, carried out by automatic or non-automatic methods, such as collection, recording, storage, adaptation or modification, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure to a third party by transmission, dissemination or by any other ways.

The personal data controller is a natural, or legal person, which picks the purpose and ways of the personal information processing, and runs a recording system of personal data collection and processing which supplies particular criteria for accessing the particular information.

Alert of the Data Processing.

According to Law no. 677, the information controllers should notify the personal data processing to the National Authority for the Supervision of Personal Data Processing (the “DPA”).

The Notification is sent out to the DPA before beginning any processing or transfer of personal information. All the documents to be filed with the DPA should be in Romanian. No filing charges should be paid when filing a Notification.

If the information controller processes personal data for 2 or more unassociated functions, then it has the commitment of filling out different Notifications for each of these functions. The information controller need to inform the DPA prior to starting any processing of the personal information.


The failure to notify, in the events in which the Notification is obligatory, as well as the incomplete Notification or the Notification which contains false information, are violations punishable by fines, supplied that they are not committed in such situations that will make them subject to criminal law.

The data controller should first get the DPA’s confirmation that the Notification is legitimate and was assigned a registration number in the Register of Recording of the Personal Data Processing. After invoice of the above mentioned confirmation, the information controller might begin processing and/or transferring the data.

Sensitive Data.

Sensitive data are the information associated with racial or ethnical origin, political, spiritual, philosophical viewpoint, criminal offences, small offences or other convictions, trade union membership, in addition to data concerning health or sex life. In addition to these information, under the Law no. 677, personal identification numbers, or other personal information with a basic recognition function i.e., nationwide ID/passport details are considered delicate information. The collection and processing of delicate data need the prior and reveal authorization of the owner of the information.

Transfer of the personal information abroad.

The transfer of information does not have to be authorized by the DPA if the data are moved to an EU/EEA nation, or to a non-EU/EEA nation for which the European Commission has actually issued an adequacy decision or other systems are in location to ensure an adequate level of protection. As an effect, currently the transfer of the personal information to the USA might be done based on the Standard Contractual Clauses authorized by the European Commission, or based on the authorization of the data subject.

Computer registry for Recording for the Personal Data Processing.

The Registry of Recording of the Personal Data Processing has the role of assuring the transparence relating to the information controllers’ activities and may be sought advice from by any interested person, such being offered online on the DPA’s website.

Stunner: Anti-Discrimination Law Really Boosts Discrimination

Anti-discrimination restriction the box laws, which prohibit companies from asking about criminal history on job applications, may serve to increase racial discrimination by companies, a brand-new research study indicates.


The push to prohibit the box has been popular with the NAACP and the Obama administration, which argue it makes it easier for convicts to reintegrate with society. Unsurprisingly, many companies prevent interviewing task candidates with prior convictions, makings it much harder for ex-cons to get jobs. This, reformers argue, has the tendency to keep them impoverished and pushes them back into criminal offense. The point of restriction the box laws is to help bad guys get their foot in the door and have a much better chance of landing a job, since a criminal history revealed later in the job application procedure is less likely to prevent a task offer.

New research shows that restriction the box laws work at helping crooks, however they likewise have a nasty side effect: increasing racial predisposition from companies.

The research study, conducted by researchers at Princeton University and the University of Michigan, took a look at the result of the laws that worked in New Jersey and New York. Over 15,000 fictitious task applications were sent out in for over 4,300 low-skill, entry-level positions both before and after the laws worked, in order to see what changed.

Prior to the laws, white job applicants got about 7 percent more call-backs on task applications than similarly certified black candidates. After the laws, this advantage soared all the method to 45 percent. That’s hardly an encouraging advancement, as one of the chief objectives of restriction the box is to improve economic opportunities for non-whites.

The reason for the gap isn’t completely clear, however the scientists have an engaging theory: having been deprived of information about applicant’s criminal history, companies are merely participating in racial profiling instead. Overall, blacks are considerably most likely than other races to have hung around behind bars, however criminal history boxes made it possible for non-criminal blacks to stand apart from criminal ones. Now, all blacks are being tagged with the very same brush.

On the other hand, the scientists suggested whites may be enjoying the complete advantage of the laws, as they are now lumped in with other whites in being assumed to have no criminal history.